Executives and business owners of government contractors are constantly evaluating new opportunities that can grow their business and add value to shareholders. To finance these opportunities, business owners have two primary funding options: equity or debt. Each option has different characteristics and a unique impact on the Company’s earnings, taxes, and financial strength. Equity capital is typically a more time consuming and expensive source of funding for smaller private companies. Debt capital is generally the optimal source of funding for future expansion. Debt is a quicker and less expensive option, provides significant tax advantages, and allows shareholders to maintain their ownership levels.
There are two main types of debt: senior debt and mezzanine. Senior debt is the less expensive and more common form of borrowing. Most senior debt lenders expect a company to have the debt collateralized by assets; therefore, a company’s balance sheet capacity typically determines the funding level they can raise. Sometimes, a private